Tisha B'Av Schedule & I'ts Laws & Customs

 

This year Tisha B'Av falls out on Shabbat, because of the holiness of Shabbat, the Fast of the Ninth of Av is postponed to after Shabbat. The fast begins Shabbat evening at sunset, and continues through Sunday, 10 Av, till nightfall

Fast begins (sundown): 8:01 PM

Shabbat ends: 8:46 PM 

Ma'ariv and Eichah: 9:15 PM

Sunday, August 11, 2019 - Tisha B'Av

Shacharit: 9:00 AM (No Tallit and Tefflin)

followed by Kinos

Midday: 1:00 PM

Minchah: 7:00 PM (With Tallit and Teffilin)

Fast Ends: 8:30 PM

Maariv and Havdallah: 8:30 PM

imitations on Torah study - From midday on Erev Tisha B'Av, Shabbat, 8/10 at 1:00 PM, we do not learn those areas of Torah that we would not learn on Tisha B'Av itself. This includes virtually all Torah study except for the sad Midrashim which relate to the destruction, Halachah which relates to the fast day, the Book of Jeremiah and similar material. In addition, Pirkei Avot is not said. Note that this applies even though Erev Tisha B'Av is Shabbat when the laws of mourning generally do not apply.

 *The final meal before the fast - For the final meal before the fast, on Shabbat afternoon, 8/10, we may eat whatever we want, including meat and wine. Since it is Shabbat, we do not dip bread or an egg in ashes and we do not sit on the floor. Note that the meal must be concluded before sundown, at 8:01 PM

*The fast begins - The fast begins at sunset (8:01 PM) on Shabbat afternoon, 8/10. Note that other prohibitions, like wearing leather shoes and sitting on a low chair (less than 3 tefachim, handbreadths), do not begin until nightfall at the end of Shabbat, at 8:46 PM.

*Ending Shabbat  We end Shabbat at home at 8:46 PM by saying "Baruch Hamavdil Bein Kodesh Lechol Blessed is he who separates between the holy and the mundane." We then remove our leather shoes and refrain from sitting on regular chairs. Havdallah is not said. The Brachah on the Havdallah candle is said in Shul. One need not walk to shul, rather one can take a car even though Maariv has not yet been prayed.

*The 5 prohibitions On Tisha B'Av we refrain from eating and drinking, anointing oneself, washing (even the hands), marital relations, and wearing leather shoes.

*Washing Hands - During Tisha B'Av, in the morning upon arising and after we use the bathroom, we only wash our hands up to the connection of the fingers and the palm. The blessing of Al Netilat Yadayim is still said (in the morning).

*Sitting on Chairs - We can sit on chairs (higher than 3 tefachim) after Midday, 1:00 PM, on Tisha B'Av, 8/11.

*Tefillin - Tefillin are not worn at Shacharit on Tisha B'Av. They are, instead worn at Minchah. Therefore, great care should be taken to daven Minchah before Sundown, since Tefillin must be donned before sundown. This is especially true of those that put on Rabbeinu Tam's Tefillin. They must make sure to finish Minchah and put on their second pair of Tefillin before sundown.

*End of Fast and Havdallah - The fast ends on Sunday night, 8/11, at 8:30 PM. Havdallah is said on a cup of wine but we do not use spices or a Havdallah candle. The wine does not need to be given to a child to drink.

*Washing the hands - After the fast, we wash our hands as we would normally do upon awakening, washing each hand up to the wrist three times alternating, but without saying a blessing.

*After the fast - All prohibitions for the 9 Days, including not doing laundry, taking haircuts etc, end right after Havdallah. However, except for the wine at Havdallah, we do not eat meat or drink wine until the next day, Monday, 8/12.

*Kiddush Levana is said after the fast.

 May we merit to celebrate Tisha B'Av this year together with Moshiach and the rebuilding of our third Holy Temple, AMEN!